## From the edge of a cliff, a 0.41 kg projectile is launched with an initial kinetic energy of 1430 J. The projectile’s maximum upward displac

Question

From the edge of a cliff, a 0.41 kg projectile is launched with an initial kinetic energy of 1430 J. The projectile’s maximum upward displacement from the launch point is 150 m. What are the (a) horizontal and (b) vertical components of its launch velocity

in progress 0
1 year 2021-08-31T01:54:09+00:00 1 Answers 7 views 0

v₀ₓ = 63.5 m/s

v₀y = 54.2 m/s

Explanation:

First we find the net launch velocity of projectile. For that purpose, we use the formula of kinetic energy:

K.E = (0.5)(mv₀²)

where,

K.E = initial kinetic energy of projectile = 1430 J

m = mass of projectile = 0.41 kg

v₀ = launch velocity of projectile = ?

Therefore,

1430 J = (0.5)(0.41)v₀²

v₀ = √(6975.6 m²/s²)

v₀ = 83.5 m/s

Now, we find the launching angle, by using formula for maximum height of projectile:

h = v₀² Sin²θ/2g

where,

h = height of projectile = 150 m

g = 9.8 m/s²

θ = launch angle

Therefore,

150 m = (83.5 m/s)²Sin²θ/(2)(9.8 m/s²)

Sin θ = √(0.4216)

θ = Sin⁻¹ (0.6493)

θ = 40.5°

Now, we find the components of launch velocity:

x- component = v₀ₓ = v₀Cosθ  = (83.5 m/s) Cos(40.5°)

v₀ₓ = 63.5 m/s

y- component = v₀y = v₀Sinθ  = (83.5 m/s) Sin(40.5°)

v₀y = 54.2 m/s