Share

## For many purposes we can treat butane as an ideal gas at temperatures above its boiling point of . Suppose the pressure on a sample of butan

Question

For many purposes we can treat butane as an ideal gas at temperatures above its boiling point of . Suppose the pressure on a sample of butane gas at is cut in half. Is it possible to change the temperature of the butane at the same time such that the volume of the gas doesn’t change? yes no If you answered yes, calculate the new temperature of the gas. Round your answer to the nearest °C.

in progress
0

Chemistry
3 years
2021-08-15T20:03:07+00:00
2021-08-15T20:03:07+00:00 1 Answers
43 views
0
## Answers ( )

Answer:

A. Yes

B. The new temperature of the gas is -116 °C

Note: The question is incomplete. The complete question is given below :

For many purposes we can treat butane C H10) as an ideal gas at temperatures above its boiling point of – 1. °C. Suppose the pressure on a 500 mL sample of butane gas at 41.0°C is cut in half. Iyes Is it possible to change the temperature of the butane at the same time such that the volume of the gas doesn’t change? yes no If you answered yes, calculate the new temperature of the gas. Round your answer to the nearest °C.

Explanation:

A. According to the pressure law of gases,for a fixed mass of gas the pressure of a gas is directly proportional to its Kelvin temperature once the volume is kept constant. This means that a change in temperature can bring about a change in pressurein a gas at constant volume.

B. From the pressure law of gasese: P1/T1 = P2/T2

Where initial pressure = P1, final pressure = P2

Initial temperature = T1, final temperature = T2

For the butane gas;

P1 = P

P2 = P/2

T1 = 41°C = (273 + 41 ) K = 314 K

T2 = ?

From the equation, T2 = T1 × P2 / P1

T2 = 314 × P/2 /P

T2 = 157 K

T2 = (157 – 273) °C = -116 °C

Therefore, the new temperature of the gas is -116 °C