## For a planet orbiting the sun, r p is the distance from the sun to the perihelion and r a is the distance from the sun to the aphelion. Wha

Question

For a planet orbiting the sun, r p is the distance from the sun to the perihelion and r a is the distance from the sun to the aphelion. What is a planet’s orbital eccentricity if r p is equal to 0.45r a?
A. 1.45
B. 0.55
C. 0.38
D. 2.64

Where is the sun located on Earth’s elliptical orbit?
A. at the center of the two foci
B. at a focus
C. at the aphelium
D. at the perihelium

A satellite orbiting Earth at an orbital radius r has a velocity v. Which represents the velocity if the satellite is moved to an orbital radius of 4r?
A. 1/4v
B. 4v
C. 1/2v
D. 2v

in progress 0
6 days 2021-07-22T19:37:57+00:00 2 Answers 2 views 0

1) 0.38 (C)

2) At a focus (B)

3) (1/2)v (C)

Explanation:

1) Eccentricity, e = (Ra – Rp)/(Ra +Rp)

Let r a = Ra, rp = Rp

Rp = 0.45Ra

e = (Ra – 0.45Ra)/(Ra + 0.45Ra)

e= 0.55Ra/1.45Ra

e = 55/145

e= 0.38

2) The sun is located at a focus on Earth’s elliptical orbit:

The different location in the Earth’s orbit of the Sun is determined by the perihelion and aphelion.

The perihelion is the point on earth’s orbit closest to the sun while aphelion is the point on earth’s orbit that is far away from the sun.

The Sun tends a little bit towards one side at a point known as the focus of an ellipse.

This out of alignment causes the planet to move either closer to or further away from the Sun every orbit.

3) initial velocity = v

v = √(GM/r)

v = (√GM/√r)

From the expression above, Velocity is directly proportional to the inverse of square root of radius

v = 1/√r

If radius become 4r, the new velocity (V):

V = 1/√4r

V = 1/(2√r) = 1/2(1/√r)

Recall, v = 1/√r

V = (1/2)(v)

V = v/2

Hence velocity decreases as r increases.

New velocity = v/2

Explanation:

To calculate forn the ecentricity we use this formula

e = Ra – Rp / Ra + Rp

= 0.55

B = focus

Kepler’s First Law: each planet’s orbit about the Sun is an ellipse. The Sun’s center is always located at one focus of the orbital ellipse. The Sun is at one focus. The planet follows the ellipse in its orbit, meaning that the planet to Sun distance is constantly changing as the planet goes around its orbit.

c=1/2v