## For a magnetic field strength of 2T, estimate the magnitude of the maximum force on a 1-mm-long segment of a single cylindrical nerve that h

Question

For a magnetic field strength of 2T, estimate the magnitude of the maximum force on a 1-mm-long segment of a single cylindrical nerve that has a diameter of 1.5mm.

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3 weeks 2021-08-25T02:36:41+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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For a magnetic field strength of 2 T, estimate the magnitude of the maximum force on a 1-mm-long segment of a single cylindrical nerve that has a diameter of 1.5 mm. Assume that the entire nerve carries a current due to an applied voltage of 100 mV (that of a typical action potential). The resistivity of the nerve is 0.6ohms meter

Explanation:

Given the magnetic field

B=2T

Lenght of rod is 1mm

L=1/1000=0.001m

Diameter of rod=1.5mm

d=1.5/1000=0.0015m

r=d/2=0.0015/2

r=0.00075m

Area of the circle is πr²

A=π×0.00075²

A=1.77×10^-6m²

Given that the voltage applied is 100mV

V=0.1V

Given that resistive is 0.6 Ωm

We can calculate the resistance of the cylinder by using

R= ρl/A

R=0.6×0.001/1.77×10^-6

R=339.4Ω

Then the current can be calculated, using ohms law

V=iR

i=V/R

i=0.1/339.4

i=2.95×10^-4 A

i=29.5 mA

The force in a magnetic field of a wire is given as

B=μoI/2πR

Where

μo is a constant and its value is

μo=4π×10^-7 Tm/A

Then,

B=4π×10^-7×2.95×10^-4/(2π×0.00075)

B=8.43×10^-8 T

Then, the force is given as

F=iLB

Since B=2T

F=iL(2B)

F=2.95×10^-4×2×8.34×10^-8

F=4.97×10^-11N