Engine cylinder has an area of 0.01 m2. The gas exerts a constant pressure of 7.5 * 105 Pa on the piston and moves the piston to a distance

Question

Engine cylinder has an area of 0.01 m2. The gas exerts a constant pressure of 7.5 * 105 Pa on the piston and moves the piston to a distance of 0.04 m. Is work done on the gas or by the gas?

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Thiên Hương 6 months 2021-07-29T09:27:06+00:00 1 Answers 4 views 0

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    2021-07-29T09:28:14+00:00

    Answer:

    The positive sign indicates that work is done by the gas.

    Explanation:

    Let consider that gas inside the cylinder behaves ideally and process is isothermal, so that change in internal energy can be neglected. The engine cylinder is modelled after the First Law of Thermodynamics:

    W + P\cdot(V_{in}-V_{out}) = 0

    W = P\cdot (V_{out}-V_{in})

    W = P\cdot A\cdot \Delta x

    W = (7.5\times 10^{5}\,Pa)\cdot (0.01\,m^{2})\cdot (0.04\,m)

    W = 300\,kPa

    The positive sign indicates that work is done by the gas.

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