## Determine the molarity and mole fraction of a 1.09 m solution of acetone (CH3COCH3) dissolved in ethanol (C2H5OH). (Density of acetone

Question

Determine the molarity and mole fraction of a 1.09 m solution of acetone (CH3COCH3) dissolved in ethanol (C2H5OH). (Density of acetone

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6 months 2021-07-31T03:53:19+00:00 1 Answers 16 views 0

## Answers ( )

Molarity = 0.809 M

mole fraction = 0.047

Explanation:

The complete question is

Calculate the molarity and mole fraction of acetone in a 1.09-molal solution of acetone (CH3COCH3) in ethanol (C2H5OH). (Density of acetone = 0.788 g/cm3; density of ethanol = 0.789 g/cm3.) Assume that the volumes of acetone and ethanol add.

Solution –

Solution for molarity:

1.09-molal means 1.09 moles of acetone in 1.00 kilogram of ethanol.

1)

Mass of 1.09 mole of acetone

= 1.09  mol x 58.0794 g/mol = 63.306 g

Density of acetone = 0.788 g/cm3

Thus, volume of 1.09 moles of acetone = 63.306 g/0.788 g/cm3 = 80.34 cm3

For ethanol

1000 g divided by 0.789 g/cm3 = 1267.427 cm3

Total volume of the solution = Volume of acetone + Volume of ethanol = 80.34 cm3 + 1267.427 cm3 = 1347.765 cm3  = 1.347 L

a) Molarity:

1.09 mol / 1.347 L = 0.809 M

Mole Fraction

a) moles of ethanol:

1000 g / 46.0684 g/mol = 21.71 mol

b) moles of acetone:

1.09 / (1.09 + 21.71) = 0.047