## CALLING ALL PHYSICS NERDS!!!! I have a TOUGH Question Please Help!!! An electron is in motion at 4.0 × 10^6 m/s horizontally when it enters

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CALLING ALL PHYSICS NERDS!!!! I have a TOUGH Question Please Help!!! An electron is in motion at 4.0 × 10^6 m/s horizontally when it enters a region of space between two parallel plates, starting at the negative plate. The electron deflects downwards and strikes the bottom plate. The magnitude of the electric field between the plates is 4.0 x 10^2 N/C and separation between the charged plates is 2.0 cm. a.) Determine the horizontal distance traveled by the electron when it hits the plate. b.)Determine the velocity of the electron as it strikes the plate.

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5 months 2021-08-19T12:54:27+00:00 2 Answers 0 views 0

a. The electron would have traveled about before hitting the plate.

b. The speed of the electron would be approximately right before it hits the plate. Its vertical velocity at that moment would be approximately .

Explanation:

### Acceleration of this electron

Look up the following data:

• Elementary charge: (that’s the magnitude of the charge on one electron.)
• Electron rest mass: .

Note, that the electric field strength between the two horizontal plates is constant. Therefore, the electrostatic force that this field exerts on this electron should also be constant. Calculate the size of this force:

.

Assume that the effect of gravity on this electron can be ignored. That electrostatic force would be the only force acting on this electron. Hence, the net force on this electron would simply be approximately .

Apply Newton’s Second Law of motion to find the acceleration of this electron:

.

Note that the electric field between the two plates is constant. As a result, the electrostatic force on the electron, the net force on this electron, as well as this acceleration will all be constant.

Also, note that is much greater than . That agrees with the assumption that the effect of gravity on this electron is much smaller than that of the electrostatic force.

### Time it takes for the electron to hit the bottom plate

Note, that the acceleration of this electron is perpendicular to its initial velocity. As a result, that electron would continue to move horizontally at the same speed until it hits the bottom plate. That also allows the electron’s motion in the vertical direction to be considered separately.

Let denote the initial vertical velocity of this electron. Since this electron was moving horizontally to begin with, . Let denote the time it takes for this electron to run into the bottom plate. Note that the electron was initially at the top plate, which is away from the bottom plate. Apply the SUVAT equation :

.

Solve for :

(given that .)

### Horizontal distance traveled before the electron hits the plate

Since the horizontal velocity was constant, the displacement in time can be found as:

(Rounded to two significant figures.)

### Velocity of the electron right before hitting the plate

Start by finding the horizontal and vertical velocity at that moment (separately.)

The acceleration in the vertical direction is constant and has already been found. Therefore:

.

On the other hand, the horizontal velocity of this electron at that moment should still be . If the velocity of the electron is to be expressed as a vector, then:

.

The magnitude of the velocity (also known as speed) of the electron at that moment will be:

.

(Rounded to two significant figures.)