Attempting to impress the skeptical patrol officer with your physics knowledge, you claim that you were traveling so fast that the red light

Question

Attempting to impress the skeptical patrol officer with your physics knowledge, you claim that you were traveling so fast that the red light (693 nm) appeared yellow (582 nm) to you. How fast would you have been traveling (in mi/hr) if that had been the case?

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Thu Thảo 2 weeks 2021-08-29T00:12:58+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-08-29T00:14:22+00:00

    Answer:

    v_r = 1.268 × 10⁸ mi/hr

    Explanation:

    We are given;

    wavelength of the red light; λr = 693 nm = 693 × 10^(-9) m

    wavelength of the yellow light; λy = 582 nm = 582 × 10^(-9) m

    Frequency is given by the formula;

    f = v/λ

    Where v is speed of light = 3 x 10^(8) m

    Frequency of red light; f_o = [3 x 10^(8)]/(693 × 10^(-9)) = 4.33 x 10¹⁴ Hz

    Similarly, Frequency of yellow light;

    f = [3 x 10⁸]/(582 × 10^(-9)) = 5.15 x 10¹⁴ Hz

    To find the speed of the car, we will use the formula;

    f = f_o[(c + v_r)/c)]

    Where c is speed of light and v_r is speed of car.

    Making v_r the subject;

    cf/f_o = c + v_r

    v_r = c(f/f_o – 1)

    So, plugging in the relevant values, we have;

    v_r = 3 × 10⁸[((5.15 x 10¹⁴)/(4.33 x 10¹⁴)) – 1]

    v_r = 3 × 10⁸(0.189)

    v_r = 5.67 x 10⁷ m/s

    Converting to mi/hr, 1 m/s = 2.23694 mile/hr

    So, v_r = 5.67 × 10⁷ × 2.23694

    v_r = 1.268 × 10⁸ mi/hr

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