At a certain temperature a 42.55% (v/v) solution of ethyl alcohol, C2H5OH, in water has a density of 0.9027 g mL-1. The density of ethyl alc

Question

At a certain temperature a 42.55% (v/v) solution of ethyl alcohol, C2H5OH, in water has a density of 0.9027 g mL-1. The density of ethyl alcohol at this temperature is 0.7782 g mL-1, and that of water is 0.9949 g mL-1.

a. Calculate the molar concentration of ethyl alcohol.
b. Calculate the molal concentration of ethyl alcohol.
c. Calculate the mole fraction of ethyl alcohol in the solution.

in progress 0
Thành Đạt 1 year 2021-07-21T05:55:09+00:00 1 Answers 25 views 0

Answers ( )

    0
    2021-07-21T05:56:58+00:00

    Answer:

    a. 7.187M.

    b. 7.962m.

    c. 0.1846

    Explanation:

    This solution contains 42.55mL of ethyl alcohol in 100mL of solution.

    a. Molar concentration = Moles ethyl alcohol / L solution:

    Moles ethyl alcohol -Molar mass: 46.07g/mol-

    42.55mL * (0.7782g/mL) * (1mol / 46.07g) = 0.7187 moles ethyl alcohol

    Liters solution:

    100mL * (1L / 100mL) = 0.100L

    Molar concentration: 0.7187mol / 0.100L = 7.187M

    b. Molal concentration: Moles ethyl alcohol (0.7187moles) / kg solution

    kg solution:

    100mL * (0.9027g / mL) * (1kg / 1000g) = 0.09027kg

    Molal concentration: 0.7187mol / 0.09027kg = 7.962m

    c. Mole fraction: Moles ethyl alcohol / Moles ethyl alcohol + moles water

    Moles water: -molar mass: 18.01g/mol-

    Volume water = 100mL – 42.55mL = 57.45mL

    57.45mL * (0.9949g/mL) * (1mol/18.01g) = 3.1736 moles water

    Moles fraction:

    0.7187 moles ethyl alcohol / 0.7187 moles ethyl alcohol+3.1736 moles water

    = 0.1846

Leave an answer

Browse

Giải phương trình 1 ẩn: x + 2 - 2(x + 1) = -x . Hỏi x = ? ( )