## Anthony needs to make a solution with a concentration of 2.5m. He begins with 2.0 iters and a 8.0M solution. What final volume does he need.

Question

Anthony needs to make a solution with a concentration of 2.5m. He begins with 2.0 iters and a 8.0M solution. What final volume does he need. Tally and solve.

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6 months 2021-07-29T16:19:43+00:00 1 Answers 3 views 0

The final volume is 6.4 L.

Explanation:

Dilution is reducing the concentration of a chemical and is achieved by adding more solvent to the same amount of solute. In other words, dilution is the procedure that is followed to prepare a less concentrated solution from a more concentrated one, and it simply consists of adding more solvent.

In a dilution the amount of solute does not vary, and as only more volume (and mass) of solvent is being added, the concentration of the solute decreases.

In a dilution the expression is used:

Ci*Vi = Cf*Vf

where:

• Ci: initial concentration
• Vi: initial volume
• Cf: final concentration
• Vf: final volume

In this case:

• Ci: 8 M
• Vi: 2 L
• Cf: 2.5 M
• Vf: ?

Replacing:

8 M* 2 L= 2.5 M* Vf

Solving:

Vf=6.4 L

The final volume is 6.4 L.