## An oil pump is drawing 44kW while pumping oil with a density of 860 kg/m3 at a rate of 0.1 m3/s. The inlet and outlet diameters of the pipe

Question

An oil pump is drawing 44kW while pumping oil with a density of 860 kg/m3 at a rate of 0.1 m3/s. The inlet and outlet diameters of the pipe are 8cm and 12cm, respectively. If the pressure increases by 500kPa going through the pump and the motoreffi ciency is 90%, determine the mechanical efficiency of the pump

in progress 0
3 days 2021-07-22T14:55:57+00:00 1 Answers 2 views 0

The mechanical efficiency of the pump is 91.8 %

Explanation:

Given;

input power, p = 44 kw

density of oil, ρ = 860 kg/m³

motor efficiency, η = 90 %

inlet diameter, d₁ = 8 cm

outlet diameter, d₂ = 12 cm

volume flow rate, V = 0.1 m³/s

pressure rise, P = 500kPa

output power  = motor efficiency x input power

output power  = 0.9 x 44 = 39.6 kW

Thus, the mechanical input power = 39.6 kW

The mechanical output power  is given by change in mechanical energy; The mechanical efficiency is given by

η = mechanical output power /  mechanical input power

η = 36.347 / 39.6

η = 0.918

η = 91.8 %

Therefore, the mechanical efficiency of the pump is 91.8 %