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## An inductor is connected to the terminals of a battery that has an emf of 12.0 VV and negligible internal resistance. The current is 4.96 mA

Question

An inductor is connected to the terminals of a battery that has an emf of 12.0 VV and negligible internal resistance. The current is 4.96 mAmA at 0.800 msms after the connection is completed. After a long time the current is 6.60 mAmA. Part A What is the resistance RR of the inductor

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Physics
3 years
2021-08-09T06:07:48+00:00
2021-08-09T06:07:48+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

i

CHECK COMPLETE QUESTION BELOW

inductor is connected to the terminals of a battery that has an emf of 12.0 VV and negligible internal resistance. The current is 4.96 mAmA at 0.800 msms after the connection is completed. After a long time the current is 6.60 mAmA.

Part A)What is the resistance RR of the inductor

PART B) what is inductance L of the conductor

Answer:

A)R=1818.18 ohms

B)L=1.0446H

Explanation:

We were given inductor L with resistance R , there is a connection between the battery and the inductor with Emf of 12V, we can see that the circuit is equivalent to a simple RL circuit.

There is current of 4.96mA at 0.8ms, at the end of the connection the current increase to 6.60mA,

.

a)A)What is the resistance RR of the inductor?

The current flowing into RL circuit can be calculated using below expresion

i=ε/R[1-e⁻(R/L)t]

at t=∞ there is maximum current

i(max)= ε/R

Where ε emf of the battery

R is the resistance

R=ε/i(max)

= 12V/(6.60*10⁻³A)

R=1818.18 ohms

Therefore, the resistance R=1818.18 ohms

b)what is inductance L of the conductor?

i(t=0.80ms and 4.96mA

RT/L = ⁻ln[1- 1/t(max)]

Making L subject of formula we have

L=-RT/ln[1-i/i(max)]

If we substitute the values into the above expresion we have

L= -(1818.18 )*(8.0*10⁻⁴)/ln[1-4.96/6.60)]

L=1.0446H

Therefore, the inductor L=1.0446H