An electron is accelerated by a uniform electric field (1000 V/m) pointing vertically upward. 1) Use Newton’s laws to determine the electron

Question

An electron is accelerated by a uniform electric field (1000 V/m) pointing vertically upward. 1) Use Newton’s laws to determine the electron’s velocity after it moves 0.10 cm from rest. 2) Find the speed using the energy method. That is, consider the electric potential energy change and conversion to kinetic

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Thành Công 5 months 2021-09-05T00:14:23+00:00 1 Answers 3 views 0

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    2021-09-05T00:15:42+00:00

    Answer:

    The velocity of electron is 592999.45 m/s.

    Explanation:

    Given that,

    Electric field = 1000 V/m

    Distance = 0.10 cm

    (a).We need to calculate the velocity of electron

    Using newton’s law

    F=qE

    ma=qE…(I)

    Now, Using equation of motion

    v^2=u^2+2as

    a=\dfrac{v^2}{2s}

    Put the value of a in equation (I)

    qE=m\times\dfrac{v^2}{2s}

    v=\sqrt{\dfrac{2sqE}{m}}

    Put the value into the formula

    v=\sqrt{\dfrac{2\times0.10\times10^{-2}\times1.6\times10^{-19}\times1000}{9.1\times10^{-31}}}

    v=592999.45\ m/s

    (b). We need to calculate the velocity of electron

    Using work theorem

    \text{work done by all forces}=\text{change in kinetic energy}

    (qE+mg)\times d=\dfrac{1}{2}mv^2

    Here, weight of electron is very less compare to electric field

    So, neglect to weight of electron.

    qE\times d=\dfrac{1}{2}mv^2

    v=\sqrt{\dfrac{2qE\times d}{m}}

    Put the value into the formula

    v=\sqrt{\dfrac{2\times1.6\times10^{-19}\times1000\times0.10\times10^{-2}}{9.1\times10^{-31}}}

    v=592999.45\ m/s

    Hence, The velocity of electron is 592999.45 m/s.

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