An electric vehicle starts from rest and accelerates at a rate of 2.1 m/s2 in a straight line until it reaches a speed of 25 m/s. The vehicl

Question

An electric vehicle starts from rest and accelerates at a rate of 2.1 m/s2 in a straight line until it reaches a speed of 25 m/s. The vehicle then slows at a constant rate of 1.2 m/s2 until it stops. (a) How much time elapses from start to stop

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Maris 2 months 2021-08-04T18:56:54+00:00 1 Answers 2 views 0

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    2021-08-04T18:58:15+00:00

    Answer:

    The vehicle takes 32.75 s from start to finish.

    Explanation:

    The vehicle trajectory has two stages, we gonna solve them separatly.

    The first one where it is accelerating from 0 to 25 m/s, since the rate is constant at 2.1 m/s^2 we can find how much time it takes from this vehicle to reach it’s final velocity. This is obtained by the following equation:

    t = (V_final – V_initial)/rate

    t = (25 – 0)/2.1 = 11.91 s

    The second one the vehicle is deaccelerating from 25 m/s to 0, since the rate is constant at 1.2 m/s^2 we can use the same equation, but now the rate is negative. So we have:

    t = (V_final – V_initial)/rate

    t = (0 – 25)/(-1.2) = 20.84 s

    The total time it takes for it perform the whole trajectory is the sum of the time it takes to perform each part. So we have total time = 11.91 + 20.84 = 32.75 s.

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