## According to the second law of thermodynamics, it is impossible for ____________. According to the second law of thermodynamics, it is impos

Question

According to the second law of thermodynamics, it is impossible for ____________. According to the second law of thermodynamics, it is impossible for ____________. heat energy to flow from a colder body to a hotter body an ideal heat engine to have the efficiency of 99% an ideal heat engine to have non-zero power. a physical process to yield more energy than what is put in

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20 mins 2021-07-22T20:19:30+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

It’s impossible for an ideal heat engine to have non-zero power.

Explanation:

Option A is incomplete and so it’s possible.

Option B is possible

Option D is related to the first lae and has nothing to do with the second law.

Hence, the correct option is C.

The ideal engine follows a reversible cycle albeit an infinitely slow one. If the work is being done at this infinitely slow rate, the power of such an engine is zero.

We can also stat the second law of thermodynamics in this manner;

It is impossible to construct a cyclical heat engine whose sole effect is the continuous transfer of heat energy from a colder object to a hotter one.

This statement is known as second form or Clausius statement of the second law.

Thus, it is possible to construct a machine in which a heat flow from a colder to a hotter object is accompanied by another process, such as work input.