## According to the momentum principle, the change in momentum of an object equals the impulse, which depends on______

Question

According to the momentum principle, the change in momentum of an object equals the impulse, which depends on______

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2 months 2021-08-21T23:09:54+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

1. Answer: The momentum principle depends on MASS and VELOCITY.

Explanation:

The momentum principle states that net force changes the the momentum of an object where momentum is the product of the MASS of the body and it’s VELOCITY.

Thus, momentum = mass(kg) ×velocity( m/s)= kgm/s ( derived unit)

Also to determine the rate of change of momentum;

Mass=m, initial velocity =u, final velocity = V and time =t

Initial momentum = mu

Final momentum = mv

Change in momentum = mv – mu

= m( v- u)

Rate of change of momentum=

m( v -u)/t –> equation 1

But V = u + at

Hence, a = v -u/t

Substitute for v -u/ t in equation 1

F = Kma, where k is constant and has the value of 1.

Therefore F = ma

Newton is the SI unit if force. It is defined as the force which gives a mass of 1kg an acceleration of 1 m/s².

IMPULSE is defined as the change of momentum of a body (mv-mu) or the product of force and time.

Thus impulse = force × time = m (v-u)

The unit is Ns ( Newton seconds) which is the same as change in momentum.