## according to a survey, the population of a city doubled in 12 years. The annual rate of increase of the population of this city is appr

Question

according to a survey, the population of a city doubled in 12 years.
The annual rate of increase of the population of this city is approximately _____. The population will grow to three times its current size in approximately ______.

First box of answers: 2.50, 5.78, 12.0, 50.0

Second box of answers: 18, 19, 23, 24.

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1 year 2021-09-05T07:30:18+00:00 2 Answers 44 views 0

5.78 and 18 respectively

5.78

19

Step-by-step explanation:

Let original population be, P = x

Growth in 12 years, A = 2x

Rate be = r

Time = 12years

Find the rate :

$$A = P(1 + \frac{r}{100})^t$$

$$2x = x(1 + \frac{r}{100})^{12}\\\\\frac{2x}{x} =(1 + \frac{r}{100})^{12}\\\\2 = (1 + \frac{r}{100})^{12}\\\\ \sqrt{2} = (1 + \frac{r}{100})\\\\\sqrt{2} – 1 = \frac{r}{100}\\\\2^{0.08} – 1 = \frac{r}{100}\\\\1.057 – 1 = \frac{r}{100}\\\\0.057 \times 100 = r\\\\r = 5.7 \%$$

The annual rate of increase of the population of this city is approximately 5.78.

Find  time in which the population becomes 3 times.

That is A = 3x

P = x

R= 5.78%

$$A = P( 1 + \frac{r}{100})^t\\\\3x = x ( 1 + \frac{5.78}{100})^t\\\\3 = (1.0578)^t\\\\log \ 3 = t \times log \ 1.0578 \\\\t = \frac{log \ 3}{ log \ 1.0578 }\\\\t = 19.55$$

The population will grow to three times its current size in approximately 19years .