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## A voltage source of 10 V is connected to a series RC circuit where R = 2.0 ´ 106 W , and C = 3.0 µF. Find the amount of time required for th

Question

A voltage source of 10 V is connected to a series RC circuit where R = 2.0 ´ 106 W , and C = 3.0 µF. Find the amount of time required for the current in the circuit to decay to 5% of its original value. Hint: This is the same amount of time for the capacitor to reach 95% of its maximum charge.

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Physics
6 months
2021-08-22T05:28:49+00:00
2021-08-22T05:28:49+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:0.5 s

Explanation:The discharge current in a series RC circuit is given by

where i₀ = V₀/R

For the current i to decay to 5%i₀, i/i₀ = 0.05. Where R = resistance = 2.0 × 10⁶ Ω and C = capacitance = 3.0 μF = 3.0 10⁻⁶ F

So,

taking natural logarithm of both sides

-t /6 = ln(0.05)

t = -ln(0.05)/6 = 0.5 s

So it takes the current 0.5 s to reach 5% of its original value