## A space probe has two engines. Each generates the same amount of force when fired, and the directions of these forces can be in- dependently

Question

A space probe has two engines. Each generates the same amount of force when fired, and the directions of these forces can be in- dependently adjusted. When the engines are fired simultaneously and each applies its force in the same direction, the probe, starting from rest, takes 28 s to travel a certain distance. How long does it take to travel the same distance, again starting from rest, if the engines are fired simultaneously and the forces that they apply to the probe are perpendicular

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2 weeks 2021-07-19T14:06:31+00:00 1 Answers 2 views 0

t = 39.60 s

Explanation:

Let’s take a careful look at this interesting exercise.

In the first case the two motors apply the force in the same direction

F = m a₀

a₀ = F / m

with this acceleration it takes t = 28s to travel a distance, starting from rest

x = v₀ t + ½ a t²

x = ½ a₀ t²

t² = 2x / a₀

28² = 2x /a₀          (1)

in a second case the two motors apply perpendicular forces

we can analyze this situation as two independent movements, one in each direction

in the direction of axis a, there is a motor so its force is F/2

the acceleration on this axis is

a = F/2m

a = a₀ / 2

so if we use the distance equation

x = v₀ t + ½ a t²

as part of rest v₀ = 0

x = ½ (a₀ / 2) t²

let’s clear the time

t² = (2x / a₀)  2

we substitute the let of equation 1

t² = 28² 2

t = 28 √2

t = 39.60 s