A sky diver of mass 70 Kg, and cross sectional area of 0.2 m2 is falling under gravity. Calculate the terminal velocity of this person. (Ass

Question

A sky diver of mass 70 Kg, and cross sectional area of 0.2 m2 is falling under gravity. Calculate the terminal velocity of this person. (Assume C= 0.88 kg/m3).

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Thanh Hà 2 weeks 2021-09-05T14:27:01+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-09-05T14:28:14+00:00

    Answer:

    The terminal velocity of this person = 79.77 m/s

    Explanation:

    For a body falling through a fluid such as air, the forces acting on the diver include the force of gravity and the drag force.

    And the net force is responsible for the acceleration of the diver.

    Net force = mg – Drag force

    But at terminal velocity, there’s no acceleration and net force = 0

    Hence, mg = Drag force

    Drag force is given by CρAv²/2

    where C = drag coefficient = 0.88

    ρ = density of the fluid = density of air = 1.225 kg/m³

    A = Cross sectional Area facing the fluid = 0.2 m²

    v = velocity of the diver = ?

    mg = 70 × 9.8 = 686 N

    686 = (0.88×1.225×0.2×v²)/2

    v² = (686×2)/(0.88×1.225×0.2)

    v² = 6363.64

    v = 79.77 m/s

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