A simple pendulum has a mass of 0.259 kg and a length of 0.97 m. It is displaced through an angle of 31.4 degrees and then released. After a

Question

A simple pendulum has a mass of 0.259 kg and a length of 0.97 m. It is displaced through an angle of 31.4 degrees and then released. After a time, the maximum angle of swing is only 10.0 degrees. How much energy has been lost to friction

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Helga 5 months 2021-08-15T06:36:05+00:00 1 Answers 5 views 0

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    2021-08-15T06:37:59+00:00

    Answer:

    The energy lost is 0.333156518 J.

    Explanation:

    The given mass of the pendulum = 0.259 kg

    Length = 0.97 m

    Displaced at an angle of = 31.4 degrees

    Maximum angle of swing = 10 degrees

    Initial potential energy = mgh

    Initial potential energy = 0.259 × 9.8 × (1 – cos31.4)

    = 0.259 × 9.8  × ( 1- 0.853551)

    = 0.371716852 J

    Final potential energy = mgh

    Final potential energy = 0.259 × 9.8 × (1 – cos10)

    = 0.259 × 9.8 × (1 – 0.984808)

    = 0.0385603344 J

    The lost energy =  Initial potential energy – Final potential energy  

    = 0.371716852 J – 0.0385603344 J  

    = 0.333156518 J

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