## A point source is fixed 1.0 m away from a large screen. Call the line normal to the screen surface and passing through the center of the poi

Question

A point source is fixed 1.0 m away from a large screen. Call the line normal to the screen surface and passing through the center of the point source the z axis. When a sheet of cardboard in which a square hole 0.020 m on a side has been cut is placed between the point source and the screen, 0.50 m from the point source with the hole centered on the z axis, a bright square shows up on the screen. If, instead, a second sheet of cardboard with a similar square hole is placed between the point source and screen, 0.25 m from the point source with the hole centered on the z axis, the bright square it casts on the screen is identical to the bright square from the first sheet. What is the length of the side of the hole in this sheet?

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3 days 2021-07-20T04:14:56+00:00 1 Answers 2 views 0

The length of the side of the hole in the second cardboard sheet is Explanation:

From the question we are told that

The distance of the point source  from the screen is The length of a side of the  first square hole is The distance of the cardboard from the point source is The distance of the second cardboard from the point source is Let take the as  the angle at which the light is passing through the edges of the cardboards square hole

Since the bright square casted on the screen by both  square holes on the   individual cardboards are then it means that This implies that Looking at this from the SOHCAHTOA concept Here opposite is  the length of the side of the  first cardboard square hole

and

Adjacent is  the  distance of the from the  first cardboard square hole to the point source

And for Here opposite is  the length of the side of the  second  cardboards square hole (let denote it with )

and

Adjacent is the distance of the from the  second  cardboards square hole to the point source

So And Substituting this into the above equation Making the subject  Since it is a square hole the sides are the same hence

The length of the side of the hole in the second cardboard sheet is 