## A particle moves 3.0 m along a circle of radius 1.5 m. (a) Through what angle does it rotate? (b) If the particle makes this trip in 1.0 s a

Question

A particle moves 3.0 m along a circle of radius 1.5 m. (a) Through what angle does it rotate? (b) If the particle makes this trip in 1.0 s at a constant speed, what is its angular velocity? (c) What is its acceleration?

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Physics
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2021-07-22T09:44:37+00:00
2021-07-22T09:44:37+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:(a) 114.65° or 2.00 rad(b) 2.00 rad/s(c) 0 m/s²Explanation:(a)

Note: As the particle moves along the circle, it forms an arc.

Length of an arc = (Ф/360)×2πr

L = (Ф/360)×2πr……………………. Equation 1

Where L = distance at which the particle moves along the circle, Ф = angle of rotation of the particle, r = radius of the circle.

make Ф the subject of the equation

Ф = 360L/2πr…………………. Equation 2

Given: L = 3 m, r = 1.5 m

Substitute into equation 2

Ф = 360(3)/(2×3.14×1.5)

Ф = 1080/9.42

Ф = 114.65° or 2.00 rad

(b)

Angular velocity(ω) = Ф/t

ω = ΔФ/Δt…………………….. Equation 3

Where ω = angular velocity, Δt = time taken to make the trip, ΔФ = angle through which the particle rotates

Given: ΔФ = 2.00 rad, Δt = 1.0 s

Substitute into equation 3

ω = 2.00/1

ω = 2.00 rad/s

(c)

α = dω/dt……………… Equation 4

Where α = angular acceleration, dω = change in velocity, dt = change in time

α = d(2.00)/dt

Note: since ω is a constant, and the differentiation of a constant is equal to zero,

therefore,

α = 0 rad/s².

But,

a = αr……………. Equation 5

Where a = acceleration of the particle

Given: α = rad/s², r = 1.5 m

Substitute into equation 5

a = 0(1.5)

a = 0 m/s²