A microphone is attached to a spring that is suspended from the ceiling, as the drawing indicates. Directly below on the floor is a stationa

Question

A microphone is attached to a spring that is suspended from the ceiling, as the drawing indicates. Directly below on the floor is a stationary 375-Hz source of sound. The microphone vibrates up and down in simple harmonic motion with a period of 1.80 s. The difference between the maximum and minimum sound frequencies detected by the microphone is 2.75 Hz. Ignoring any reflections of sound in the room and using 343 m/s for the speed of sound, determine the amplitude (in m) of the simple harmonic motion.

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Thanh Thu 6 months 2021-08-25T12:10:35+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-08-25T12:11:37+00:00

    Answer:

    0.361\ \text{m}

    Explanation:

    f_s = Frequency of source = 375 Hz

    \Delta f = Difference between the maximum and minimum sound frequencies = 2.75 Hz

    v = Speed of sound in air = 343 m/s

    T = Time period = 1.8 s

    v_m = Maximum speed of the microphone

    We have the relation

    \Delta f=2f_s\dfrac{v_m}{v}\\\Rightarrow v_m=\dfrac{\Delta fv}{2f_s}\\\Rightarrow v_m=\dfrac{2.75\times 343}{2\times 375}\\\Rightarrow v_m=1.26\ \text{m/s}

    Amplitude is given by

    A=\dfrac{v_mT}{2\pi}\\\Rightarrow A=\dfrac{1.26\times 1.8}{2\pi}\\\Rightarrow A=0.361\ \text{m}

    The amplitude of the simple harmonic motion is 0.361\ \text{m}.

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