A metal wire breaks when its tension reaches 100 newton. If the radius and length of the wire were both doubled then it would break when the

Question

A metal wire breaks when its tension reaches 100 newton. If the radius and length of the wire were both doubled then it would break when the tension reached how many newtons

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Farah 2 days 2021-07-21T21:05:14+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-21T21:07:03+00:00

    Answer:

    200 N

    Explanation:

    Since Young’s modulus for the metal, E = σ/ε where σ = stress = F/A where F = force on metal and A = cross-sectional area, and ε = strain = e/L where e = extension of metal = change in length and L = length of metal wire.

    So,  E = σ/ε = FL/eA

    Now, since at break extension = e.

    So making e subject of the formula, we have

    e = FL/EA = FL/Eπr² where r = radius of metal wire

    Now, when the radius and length are doubled, we have our extension as e’ = F’L’/Eπr’² where F’ = new force on metal wire, L’ = new length = 2L and r’ = new radius = 2r

    So, e’ = F'(2L)/Eπ(2r)²

    e’ = 2F’L/4Eπr²

    e’ = F’L/2Eπr²

    Since at breakage, both extensions are the same, e = e’

    So,  FL/Eπr² = F’L/2Eπr²

    F = F’/2

    F’ = 2F

    Since F = 100 N,

    F’ = 2 × 100 N = 200 N

    So, If the radius and length of the wire were both doubled then it would break when the tension reached 200 Newtons.

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