A liquid solvent is added to a flask containing an insoluble solid. The total volume of the solid and liquid together is 80.0 mL. The liquid

Question

A liquid solvent is added to a flask containing an insoluble solid. The total volume of the solid and liquid together is 80.0 mL. The liquid solvent has a mass of 21.0 g and a density of 0.865 g/mL. Determine the mass of the solid given its density is 2.00 g/mL.

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3 years 2021-07-24T20:30:58+00:00 1 Answers 234 views 0

111.44 g

Explanation:

We’ll begin by calculating the volume of the solvent. This can be obtained as follow:

Mass of solvent = 21 g

Density of solvent = 0.865 g/mL.

Volume of solvent =?

Density = mass /volume

0.865 = 21 /volume of solvent

Cross multiply

0.865 × volume of solvent = 21

Divide both side by 0.865

Volume of solvent = 21 / 0.865

Volume of solvent = 24.28 mL

Next, we shall determine the volume of the solid. This can be obtained as follow:

Volume of solvent + solid = 80.0 mL.

Volume of solvent = 24.28 mL

Volume of solid =?

Volume of solid = (Volume of solvent + solid) – (Volume of solvent)

Volume of solid = 80 – 24.28

Volume of solid = 55.72 mL

Finally, we shall determine the mass of the solid. This can be obtained as follow:

Density of solid = 2.00 g/mL.

Volume of solid = 55.72 mL

Mass of solid =.?

Density = mass / volume

2 = mass of solid / 55.72

Cross multiply

Mass of solid = 2 × 55.72

Mass of solid = 111.44 g

Therefore, the mass of the solid is 111.44 g