.A hard rubber ball, released at chest height, falls to the pavement and bounces back to nearly the same height. When it is in contact with

Question

.A hard rubber ball, released at chest height, falls to the pavement and bounces back to nearly the same height. When it is in contact with the pavement, the lower side of the ball is temporarily flattened. Suppose the maxi-mum depth of the dent is on the order of 1 cm. Find the order of magnitude of the maximum acceleration of the ball while it is in contact with the pavement. State your assumptions, the quantities you estimate, and the values you estimate for them.

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Jezebel 2 months 2021-07-22T13:40:37+00:00 1 Answers 3 views 0

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    2021-07-22T13:42:10+00:00

    Answer:

     a = 1.1 10⁵ m / s²

    Explanation:

    This is a momentum exercise, where we use the relationship between momentum and momentum

              I = ∫ F dt = Δp

    = p_f – p₀

    as they indicate that the ball bounces at the same height, we can assume that the moment when it reaches the ground is equal to the moment when it bounces, but in the opposite direction

            F t = 2 (m v)

    therefore the average force is

             F = 2 m v / t

    where in general the mass of the ball unknown, the velocity of the ball can be calculated using the conservation of energy

    starting point. Done the ball is released with zero initial velocity

            Em₀ = U = mgh

    final point. Upon reaching the ground, just before the deformation begins

            Em_f = K = ½ m v²

    energy is conserved in this system

            Em₀ = Em_f

            m g h = ½ m v²

            v = √ (2gh)

    This is the velocity of the body when it reaches the ground, so the force remains

            F = 2m √(2gh)   /t

    where the height of the person’s chest is known and the time that the impact with the floor lasts must be estimated in general is of the order of milli seconds

    knowing this force let’s use Newton’s second law

              F = m a

              a = F / m

     

              a = 2 √(2gh) / t

    We can estimate the order of magnitude of this acceleration, assuming the person’s chest height of h = 1.5 m and a collision time of t = 1 10⁻³ s

             a = 2 √ (2 9.8 1.5) / 10⁻³

             a = 1.1 10⁵ m / s²

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