## A gun has a muzzle speed of 90 meters per second. What angle of elevation should be used to hit an object 150 meters away? Neglect air resis

Question

A gun has a muzzle speed of 90 meters per second. What angle of elevation should be used to hit an object 150 meters away? Neglect air resistance and use g=9.8m/sec2 as the acceleration of gravity.

in progress 0
5 months 2021-08-18T08:02:02+00:00 1 Answers 6 views 0

## Answers ( )

θ₀ = 84.78° (OR) 5.22°

Explanation:

This situation can be treated as projectile motion. The parameters of this projectile motion are:

R = Range of Projectile = 150 m

V₀ = Launch Speed of Projectile = 90 m/s

g = 9.8 m/s²

θ₀ = Launch angle (OR) Angle of Elevation = ?

The formula for range of a projectile is given as:

R = V₀² Sin 2θ₀/g

Sin 2θ₀ = Rg/V₀²

Sin 2θ₀ = (150 m)(9.8 m/s²)/(90 m/s)²

2θ₀ = Sin⁻¹ (0.18)

θ₀ = 10.45°/2

θ₀ = 5.22°

Also, we know that for the same launch velocity the range will be same for complementary angles. Therefore, another possible value of angle is:

θ₀ = 90° – 5.22°

θ₀ = 84.78°