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## A fireperson is 50 m from a burning building and directs a stream of water from a fire hose at an angle of 300 above the horizontal. If the

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A fireperson is 50 m from a burning building and directs a stream of water from a fire hose at an angle of 300 above the horizontal. If the initial speed of the stream is 40 m/s the height that the stream of water will strike the building is

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Physics
3 years
2021-08-08T10:51:52+00:00
2021-08-08T10:51:52+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:We can think the water stream as a solid object that is fired.

The distance between the fireperson and the building is 50m. (i consider that the position of the fireperson is our position = 0)

The angle is 30 above the horizontal. (yo wrote 300, but this has no sense because 300° implies that he is pointing to the ground).

The initial speed of the stream is 40m/s.

First, using the fact that:

x = R*cos(θ)

y = R*sin(θ)

in this case R = 40m/s and θ = 30°

We can use the above relation to find the components of the velocity:

Vx = 40m/s*cos(30°) = 34.64m/s

Vy = 20m/s.

First step:

We want to find the time needed to the stream to hit the buildin.

The horizontal speed is 34.64m/s and the distance to the wall is 50m

So we want that:

34.64m/s*t = 50m

t = 50m/(34.64m/s) = 1.44 seconds.

Now we need to calculate the height of the stream at t = 1.44s

Second step:

The only force acting on the water is the gravitational one, so the acceleration of the stream is:

a(t) = -g.

g = -9.8m/s^2

For the speed, we integrate over time and we get:

v(t) = -g*t + v0

where v0 is the initial speed: v0 = 20m/s.

The velocity equation is:

v(t) = -g*t + 20m/s.

For the position, we integrate again over time:

p(t) = -(1/2)*g*t^2 + 20m/s*t + p0

p0 is the initial height of the stream, this data is not known.

Now, the height at the time t = 1.44s is

p(1.44s) = -5.9m/s^2*(1.44s)^2 + 20m/s*1.44s + po

= 16.57m + p0

So the height at wich the stream hits the building is 16.57 meters above the initial height of the fire hose.