## A electron gains electric potential energy as it moves from point 1 to point 2. Which of the following is true regarding the electric potent

Question

A electron gains electric potential energy as it moves from point 1 to point 2. Which of the following is true regarding the electric potential at points 1 and 2?

a. V1 = V2
b. V1 > V2
c. V1 < V2

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6 months 2021-07-17T10:02:45+00:00 1 Answers 24 views 0

## Answers ( )

We know that the change in electric potential energy is defined as:

q*ΔV = ΔP

So, the change in the electric potential energy is the charge times the change in the electric potential.

For the case of an electron gas, we have:

q = -e

where -e is the charge of an electron (remember that is negative).

So, if the electron gains electric potential then:

ΔP > 0

this means that the final potential energy is larger than the initial one, then we have:

-e*ΔV > 0

This means that ΔV must be negative.

V₂ = electric potential at point 2, so it is the final electric potential

V₁ = electric potential at point 1, so it is the final electric potential

Then we should get:

ΔV = V₂ – V₁ < 0.

This means that:

V₂ < V₁

The correct option is b.