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## A certain statistic will be used as an unbiased estimator of a parameter. Let J represent the sampling distribution of the estimator for sam

Question

A certain statistic will be used as an unbiased estimator of a parameter. Let J represent the sampling distribution of the estimator for samples of size 40, and let K represent the sampling distribution of the estimator for samples of size 100.

Which of the following must be true about J and K ?

a. The expected values of J and K will be equal, and the variability of J will be less than the variability of K.

b. The expected values of J and K will be equal, and the variability of J will be equal to the variability of K.

c. The expected values of J and K will be equal, and the variability of J will be greater than the variability of K.

d. The expected value of J will be greater than the expected value of K, and the variability of R will be greater than the variability of K.

e. The expected value of J will be greater than the expected value of K, and the variability of R will be less than the variability of K.

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Mathematics
3 years
2021-08-18T00:50:33+00:00
2021-08-18T00:50:33+00:00 1 Answers
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## Answers ( )

Answer:c. The expected values of J and K will be equal, and the variability of J will be greater than the variability of K.

Step-by-step explanation:This is a theoretical question, that is solved using concepts of the central limit theorem.

Central Limit TheoremThe Central Limit Theorem estabilishes that, for a normally distributed random variable X, with mean and standard deviation , the sampling distribution of the sample means with size n can be approximated to a normal distribution with mean and standard deviation .

For a skewed variable, the Central Limit Theorem can also be applied, as long as n is at least 30.

In this question:J has samples of size 40, and K has samples of size 100.

By the Central Limit Theorem, both will have the same means(expected value), while the standard deviation is inversely proportional to the sample size n, that is, as the sample size increases, the standard deviation, related to the variability, decreases.

So J and K have the same expected values, while K, due to the higher sample size, will have less variability. So the

correct answer is given by option c.