A bag contains 10 marbles,7 of which are black and 3 are red.three marbles are drawn at one after the other.find the probability of choosing

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A bag contains 10 marbles,7 of which are black and 3 are red.three marbles are drawn at one after the other.find the probability of choosing at most two black marbles.​

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Khoii Minh 4 days 2021-07-21T21:43:47+00:00 1 Answers 0 views 0

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    2021-07-21T21:45:00+00:00

    Answer:  17/24

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    Explanation:

    We have these four cases or possible outcomes

    • Case 1) We select 0 black marbles and 3 red marbles.
    • Case 2) We select 1 black marble and 2 red marbles.
    • Case 3) We select 2 black marbles and 1 red marble.
    • Case 4) We select 3 black marbles and 0 red marbles.

    Let’s calculate the probability for case 4.

    There are 7 black marbles out of 10 total. The probability of picking black is 7/10. If no replacement is made, then 6/9 is the probability of picking black again (subtract 1 from the numerator and denominator separately). Finally, 5/8 is the probability of getting black a third time.

    The probability of getting 3 black marbles in a row is

    (7/10)*(6/9)*(5/8) = (7*6*5)/(10*9*8) = 210/720 = 7/24.

    That fraction 7/24 means that if you had 24 chances, then you expect about 7 of them will lead to getting three black marbles in a row (aka case 4). Therefore, 24-7 = 17 occurrences are expected where we get cases 1 through 3 occur in some fashion (pick one case only).

    Notice how cases 1 through 3 encapsulate the phrasing “at most 2 black marbles” which is another way of saying “2 black marbles is the highest we can go”.

    So that’s why the answer is 17/24.

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