## (a) At a certain instant, a particle-like object is acted on by a force F= (5.7 N)i -(2.7 N)j + (5.0 N)k while the object’s velocity is v=

Question

(a) At a certain instant, a particle-like object is acted on by a force F= (5.7 N)i -(2.7 N)j + (5.0 N)k while the object’s velocity is v= -(2.3 m/s)i + (5.8 m/s)k. What is the instantaneous rate at which the force does work on the object?
(b) At some other time, the velocity consists of only a y component. If the force is unchanged, and the instantaneous power is -8.70 W, what is the velocity of the object just then? (Give your answer without a unit vector.)

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1 week 2021-07-22T16:55:33+00:00 1 Answers 4 views 0

(a) The force which works on the object at a rate 15.89 w.

(b) The velocity of the object when the power is -8.7 w is .

Explanation:

Work: The  work on an object is the dot product of force that acts on the object and velocity of the object .

P = F.V

Dot product:     where the angle between a and bis θ

(a)

Given that, and  The work on the object is

=  ={(5.7)×(-2.3)+(-2.7)×0+(5.0×5.8)} w

=15.89 w

The instantaneous rate at which the force does work on the object is 15.89 w.

(b)

The velocity of the object consists of only a y component i.e the x component and y component are zero. and Let, The power is -8.70 w. ∴ -8.70 = ⇒ – 8.70 = -2.7×a ⇒ a = 3.22

The velocity of the object is 