A 0.145 kg baseball pitched at 33.m/s is hit on a horizontal line drive straight back at the pitcher at 46.0 m/s. If the contact time betwee

Question

A 0.145 kg baseball pitched at 33.m/s is hit on a horizontal line drive straight back at the pitcher at 46.0 m/s. If the contact time between bat and ball is 5.70×10−3 s, calculate the magnitude of the force (assumed to be constant) exerted on the ball by the bat.

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Neala 5 months 2021-08-06T13:09:21+00:00 1 Answers 6 views 0

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    2021-08-06T13:10:57+00:00

    Answer:

    F = 2009.64 N

    Explanation:

    It is given that,

    Mass of a baseball, m = 0.145 kg

    Initial speed if the baseball, u = 33 m/s

    It hit on a horizontal line drive straight back at the pitcher at 46.0 m/s, final velocity, v = -46 m/s

    Time of contact between the bat and the ball is t=5.7\times 10^{-3}\ s

    We need to find the magnitude of the force exerted by the ball on the bat. It can be calculated using impulse-momentum theorem. So,

    Ft=m(v-u)\\\\F=\dfrac{m(v-u)}{t}\\\\F=\dfrac{0.145\times (-46-33)}{5.7\times 10^{-3}}\\\\F=-2009.64\ N

    So, the magnitude of force exerted on the ball by the bat is 2009.64 N.

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