## 3. Determine the pH of each of the following solutions. (Hint: See Sample Problem B.) a. 1.0 x 10-2 M HCI c. 1.0 x 10-MHI b. 1.0 x 10-3 M HN

Question

3. Determine the pH of each of the following solutions. (Hint: See Sample Problem B.) a. 1.0 x 10-2 M HCI c. 1.0 x 10-MHI b. 1.0 x 10-3 M HNO3 d. 1.0 x 10-M HB​

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5 months 2021-08-30T13:46:47+00:00 1 Answers 10 views 0

a. pH = 2 b. pH = 3 c. pH = 1 d. Unanswerable

Explanation:

pH = -log[H+] OR pH = -log{H3O+]

and inversely

pOH = -log[OH-]

1. Determine what substance you are working with, (acid/base)

2. Determine whether or not that acid or base is strong or weak.

a. 1.0 x 10^-2M HCl

HCl is a strong acid, therefore it will dissociate completely into H+ and Cl- with all ions going to the H+, therefore, the concentration of HCl and concentration of H+ are going to be equal, meaning we simply take the negative logarithm of the concentration of HCl and that would equal pH

pH = -log[H+]

pH = -log(1.0×10^-2)

pH = 2

b. 1.0 x 10^-3M HNO3

HNO3 like part a, is a strong acid, therefore it would simply require you to take the negative logarithm of the concentration of the compound itself, to find its pH.

pH = -log[H+]

pH = -log(1.0 x 10^-3)

pH = 3

c. 1.0 x 10^-1M HI

Like the previous parts, HI is a strong acid

pH = -log[H+]

pH = -log(0.10)

pH = 1

d. HB isn’t an element, nor is it a compound so that would be unanswerable.