3. A force is exerted on a positively-charged particle that moves the particle in the direction opposite to that of an electric field. Which

Question

3. A force is exerted on a positively-charged particle that moves the particle in the direction opposite to that of an electric field. Which one of the following statements concerning the work performed in this movement is true? a) The work done on the particle has a positive sign. b) No work is done on such a charged particle, if it is moved in a direction that is parallel or anti-parallel to an electric field. c) The work done on the particle has a negative sign. d) One cannot answer this question without knowing the kind of particle involved

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Helga 2 months 2021-07-15T08:59:19+00:00 1 Answers 1 views 0

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    2021-07-15T09:01:00+00:00

    Answer:

    a) The work done on the particle has a positive  sign.

    Explanation:

    When a positive charge is placed in a electric field , a force is exerted by electric field along the direction of the electric field . But the external force is acting on it so that displacement is opposite to the field . That means the external force is acting opposite to electric force on the charged particle.

    The displacement is along the external force applied so both force and displacement are positive . Hence work done is positive .

    Work done by electric field is negative , because displacement and electric force are opposite.

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