## 2. Two toy cars are involved in a race. Car A has mass m while car B has mass 2m. a. The two cars have the same force applied to them over a

Question

2. Two toy cars are involved in a race. Car A has mass m while car B has mass 2m. a. The two cars have the same force applied to them over a distance of 1 meter. Which car has a larger kinetic energy after traveling 1 meter? Which car has a larger momentum after traveling 1 meter? Explain your answers. b. The two cars have the same force applied to them over a time period of 10 seconds. Which car has a larger kinetic energy after 10 seconds? Which car has a larger momentum after 10 seconds? Explain your answers.

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7 months 2021-07-20T05:28:35+00:00 1 Answers 12 views 0

a) The kinetic energy of the two cars is the same

the moment of car 2 is greater than the moment of car 1

b)  the kinetic energy of car 1 is greater than that of car 2

the moment of the two cars is the same

Explanation:

a) to know the kinetic energy of each car, we must find the speed, use Newton’s second law to find the acceleration

Car 1

F = m a

a = F / m

Let’s use kinematics to find the velocity after x = 1 m

v² = v₀² + 2 a x

The initial speed is zero

v = √ (2 F/m  x)

For the distance of x = 1 m

v₁ = √ (2 F / m)

Car 2

F = 2m a

a = F / 2m

v² = 2 a x

v = √ (F/m  x)

For x = 1 m

v₂ = √(F / m)

Let’s calculate the kinetic energy of each car

Car 1

K₁ = ½ m v₁²

K₁ = ½ m 2F / m

K₁ = F

Car 2

K₂ = ½ 2m v₂²

K₂ = ½ 2m F / m

K₂ = F

The kinetic energy of the two cars is the same

Let’s calculate the moment

Car 1

P₁ = m v₁

P₁ = m √ (2F / m)

Car 2

P₂ = 2m v²

P₂ = 2m √(F / m)

We see that the moment of car 2 is greater than the moment of car 1

b) in this part the force is applied by t = 10 s

Acceleration is the same, let’s find the speed

Car1

v = v₀ + a t

v = F / m t

v₁ = F / m 10

Car 2

v₂ = F / 2m 10

v₂ = F / m 5

Let’s calculate the kinetic energy of each car

Car 1

K₁ = ½ m v₁²

K₁ = ½ m (F / m 10)²

K₁ = 50 F² / m

Car2

K₂ = ½ 2m v₂²

K₂ = m (F / m 5)²

K₂ = 25 F² / m

In this case we see that the kinetic energy of car 1 is greater than that of car 2

Let’s calculate the moment

Car 1

P₁ = m v₁

P₁ = m F / m 10

P₁ = 10 F

Car 2

P₂ = 2m v₂

P₂ = 2m F / m 5

P₂ = 10 F

In this case the moment of the two cars is the same