Question

miguel is mixing up a salad dressing. regardless of the number of servings, the recipe requires that 58 of the finished dressing mix be olive oil, 14 vinegar, and the remainder an even mixture of salt, pepper and sugar. if miguel accidentally doubles the vinegar and forgets the sugar altogether, what proportion of the botched dressing will be olive oil?

44 is the proportion of the botched dressing will be olive oil.
Given, Miguel is mixing up a salad dressing. regardless of the number of servings,
the recipe requires that 58 of the finished dressing mix be olive oil, 14 vinegar, and the remainder an even mixture of salt, pepper and sugar. if he accidentally doubles the vinegar and forgets the sugar altogether,
we have to find the proportion of the botched dressing that will be olive oil.
first we will find the amount of the even mixture of salt, pepper and sugar.
as, olive oil + vinegar + even mixture of salt, pepper and sugar = 100
58 + 14 + mixture of salt, pepper and sugar = 100
mixture of salt, pepper and sugar = 100 – 72
mixture of salt, pepper and sugar = 28
if he mixed doubles of the vinegar i.e. 28 then olive oil be,
x + 28 + 28 = 100
x = 100 – 56
x = 44
Hence, 44 is the proportion of the botched dressing will be olive oil.