A thin plastic rod of length 2.6 m is rubbed all over with wool, and acquires a charge of 98 nC, distributed uniformly over its surface. Calculate the magnitude of the electric field due to the rod at a location 13 cm from the midpoint of the rod. Do the calculation two ways, first using the exact formula for a rod of any length, and second using the approximate formula for a long rod.

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Answer:By exact formula5076.59N/CAnd by approximation formula5218.93N/CExplanation:We are given that

Length of rod,L=2.6 m

Charge,q=98nC=

a=13 cm=0.13 m

1 m=100 cm

By exact formula

The magnitude of the electric field due to the rod at a location 13 cm from the midpoint of the rod=

Where k=

Using the formula

The magnitude of the electric field due to the rod at a location 13 cm from the midpoint of the rod=

In approximation formula

a<<L

Therefore,the magnitude of the electric field due to the rod at a location 13 cm from the midpoint of the rod=

The magnitude of the electric field due to the rod at a location 13 cm from the midpoint of the rod=