Question

A fish tank initially contains 15 liters of pure water. Brine of constant, but unknown, concentration of salt is flowing in at 4 liters per minute. The solution is mixed well and drained at 4 liters per minute. Let xx be the amount of salt, in grams, in the fish tank after tt minutes have elapsed. Find a formula for the rate of change in the amount of salt, dx/dtdx/dt, in terms of the amount of salt in the solution xx and the unknown concentration of incoming brine cc. dxdt

1. thaiduong

dx/dt = 4c – 4x/15

Step-by-step explanation:

a. Find a formula for the rate of change in the amount of salt, dx/dtdx/dt, in terms of the amount of salt in the solution

Let c be the concentration of the incoming brine in grams per liter. Since it flows in at a rate of 4 liters per minute, the mass flow in is thus 4m.

Let x be the mass of salt present at time, t. The concentration of salt present at time, t is thus mass of salt/volume of tank = x/15. Since the well mixed solution is drained at 4 liters per minute, the mass flow out is thus 4x/15.

The net rate of change of amount of salt dx/dt = mass flow in – mass flow out

dx/dt = 4c – 4x/15