3) A charged particle is moving with velocity of V in a magnetic field of B, which one of the followings is correct: A) The direction of force F on the charge is parallel to magnetic field B B) The direction of force F on the charge is parallel to velocity direction V C) The force is maximized when velocity direction and magnetic field are parallel D) The force F is perpendicular (normal) to both velocity V and magnetic field B E) The direction of force on positive charge or negative charge would be the same

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Answer:D) The force F is perpendicular (normal) to both velocity V and magnetic field B.Explanation:When a charged particle enters a magnetic field, it experiences a force which changes its direction of travel. The direction of motion of the charged particle, the magnetic field direction, and the direction of the force, are all perpendicular to one another. According to Lorentz right hand rule, hold the right hand parallel to the ground, with the palm facing up, and the thumb held out at right angle to the other fingers. If the direction of the other fingers represents the magnetic field line and direction, and the thumb represents the direction of motion of a positively charged particle, then, the palm will push up in the direction of the force. For a negatively charged particle, the force will push down in the direction of the back of the hand.